Jargon Buster


ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; there are 3 main symptoms of ADHD: inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.


Anorexia is when a person tries to lose weight or keep their weight low by not eating. They can have an obsession with food, tell lies about what they have eaten and have a strict diet. Physically they may feel tired, have thin hair and brittle nails and often weigh or measure themselves frequently.


People feel emotions such as worry or fear as well as unease. Someone who has anxiety can feel like this all of the time or some of the time or just in certain situations. People feel anxiety emotionally and physically. Emotionally they may not be able to sleep, not be able to concentrate at school or at work, be easily annoyed or distracted. Physically they may feel tired or have muscle aches, and when people have a lot of anxiety, they may begin to feel dizzy.

Art Therapy

Art therapy is a mix of talking therapy and art making. It may be particularly helpful if you find it difficult to put your thoughts and feelings into words. And it is for everyone - you do not need to be good at art to try it. Art therapy is usually most helpful as a regular appointment each week.


Stands for Autism Spectrum Disorder; people with ASD may have difficulty recognising or understanding their own and/or other people's emotions and feelings.


An assessment is where you meet a health professional and they listen and ask you about your current difficulties. They will tell you if they need to discuss this with other professionals before offering something that may help you which could include arranging for you to see someone else who is more specialised.

Binge eating disorder

A binge eating disorder is when someone may feel like they have to eat more than they normally would do all in one go. Emotionally the person may feel sad, not be able to concentrate at work or school and feel hopeless and lonely. Physically the person could have stomach pains and headaches and feel tired and crave sugar.


Bulimia is when someone tries to keep their weight low but in a different way to anorexia. They can go through periods of time where they eat a lot of food all in one go and then get rid of the food from their bodies by being sick or using laxatives. Emotionally a person with bulimia can feel guilty and isolated after eating lots of food and become obsessive towards different types of food. Physically they may have changes in how much they weigh regularly and have a yellowing of the teeth.

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy is a talking therapy to help you manage problems by changing the way you think and behave.


Counselling gives you time and a safe space to talk with someone who will listen but not judge or tell you what to do. Counselling aims to help you understand yourself and your relationship with your world better and to help you to affect and cope with your life. Counselling therapy is usually most helpful as a regular appointment each week.


A person with depression feels very sad and hopeless for a long period of time. When feeling depressed you can be tearful, have no motivation to do school work or take on tasks at work and are not able to enjoy doing things you would normally enjoy. Depression can also mean you have a change in appetite or weight and disturbed sleep patterns.

Drop in session

A drop in session means you can call at drop in sessions to talk to someone without the need for an appointment. You can visit for lots of different reasons and may prefer this type of support as you drop in when and as often as you need to.

Dyadic Development Psychotherapy

Dyadic Development Psychotherapy is a treatment method for families who have children with emotional disorders, complex trauma or attachment issues. It involves creating a playing, accepting, curious and empathic environment where the therapist is attuned to a child’s subjective experiences and reflects this back to them. This therapy also uses cognitive behavioural strategies.

Educational Psychologists (EPS)

Educational Psychologists are people who have specific qualifications in psychology and have learnt about how individuals think, feel and behave. They have training in development and learning and often work with staff in schools/settings to help them consider the best ways to support children and young people.

They are not psychiatrists and will not read your mind but they will help you to try and think about what would make education better for you if you are finding things difficult.

Individual Support

Individual support is similar to counselling but is solution focused. It builds on your personal resources and resilience to help you affect the changes you want to make. Individual Support is flexible about when, how often and where meetings takes place.


LAAC stands for looked after and adopted children. These are children who do not live with their birth parents.


Mentoring is a personal development relationship in which a more experienced person helps to guide a less experienced person.


OCD stands for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder; it is an anxiety disorder where you become obsessed with certain thoughts or ideas.


A referral is when an adult who knows you, such as a doctor or teacher, asks a health professional to make an appointment to see you so they are able to offer help and support to you.


Safeguarding is keeping people safe from physical, emotional and sexual abuse and neglect.


A person who self-harms will intentionally hurt their body. This may be because they want to express how they feel or be seen as a way of coping with situations that people feel overwhelmed by. Self-harm can happen in all sorts of ways, by cutting or burning the skin, taking a lot of drugs or alcohol or taking a lot of tablets or as an eating disorder.

Sensory Integration Group

You would attend this group with your parents. Captain your ship is used as a way of to help you understand how it feels to self-regulate your alertness levels. Sensory input can be used to attain, maintain and change alertness levels and allow you to engage more positively and more independently in day to day tasks.


Theraplay is for children and their families and is to help build attachment, self-esteem and trust. In health relationships there are natural patterns of playful, healthy interaction between parents and child; theraplay aims to change views so that children know they are lovable and worthy or positive and rewarding relationships.

Universal Services

Universal Services are open to anyone to access directly. These could be groups offering specific help and support or a sport or Guides group.

Well-being Group

The Well-being group is a small group organised by Youth Start who meet weekly to explore a range of well-being issues.